Most notable as a bone deformity to the largest toe, or the metatarsophalangeal joint, bunions form when the toe is forced out of place over time. Generally speaking, few people have issues with bunions until they become large enough to push other toes out of alignment. Large bunions make wearing even basic footwear painful as pressure builds within the bones of the foot. Left untreated, bunions can begin to cause other toes to become deformed also, causing the middle toes to sometimes develop into hammertoes.
Constant rubbing, irritation and friction cause sufferers consistent pain as the affected joint is one that is flexed with every step. Bunions are also more susceptible to arthritis than are healthy joints, which exacerbates both the pain and the reduced functionality of the joint.
Bunions can be hereditary but the leading cause of the condition is the wearing of improperly fitting shoes. Foot injuries, pronated feet and neuromuscular problems also cause the formation of the condition, which is why proper bunion treatment is important.
Unlike other foot conditions, bunions do not correct themselves over time. Splints, orthotics and specially-fitted footwear all help to alleviate the pressure and reduce future growth of a bunion, though surgery may be required in some cases. If misalignments and damage are serious enough, a bunion surgery known as a bunionectomy may be the next step in treatment.
For a full exam of your bunions, call our office at 469-567-4600. We’ll develop a bunion treatment plan specifically for you so that you can finally experience the relief that you’ve been waiting for.