Ankle Sprains: Types, Treatment, and Prevention

Whether you’re an athlete and sustained an injury during a game, or if you simply stepped wrong walking down some stairs, ankle sprains are painful and require the right treatment in order for it to heal correctly and in as little time as possible.

At Allcare Foot & Ankle Care, our podiatrists want to ensure that your ankle sprain is treated right away and with the right care so that in the future you aren’t at a higher risk of another injury. In this blog post, we will discuss what causes ankle sprains, the types of sprains, symptoms, treatment, and how to prevent them from happening. If you have injured your ankle, be sure to schedule an appointment at our podiatrist office in either Arlington or Dallas.

What Causes Ankle Sprains?

Ankles are made up of ligaments and tendons that allow our feet to rotate in a full range of motion. When a movement goes beyond this range of motion, the ligaments that connect the ankle and the foot can stretch or even tear, which causes a sprained ankle. Sprains can be more common in people who have heels that naturally turn in, who have weak peroneals, which is a muscle that runs down the outside of the ankle, or anyone who has had a sprained ankle in the past.

Types of Sprains

When you visit with a foot doctor, they will inspect the foot in order to determine which type of sprain you have, either an inversion sprain, an eversion sprain, or a high ankle sprain. All of these sprains will cause tenderness and swelling of the area, bruising, and it may be a challenge to put weight on the foot.

Along with finding out which type of ankle sprain you have, your podiatrist will also tell you what grade of sprain it is, or how bad the injury is. There are three grades:

Ankle Sprain Treatment

After the injury, even if you are able to walk on the foot and there is limited swelling and bruising, it is still important to seek professional treatment from a podiatrist. A doctor will be able to diagnose the sprain and determine the best treatment plan. In general, there are two things that are essential in the proper treatment of an ankle sprain and in preventing future injuries: reducing the swelling and strengthening the ankle.

Reducing the Swelling

This can be done with a few techniques: icing the foot, rest, compression, and elevating the foot.

Strengthening the Ankle

After you are able to put weight on the ankle, it’s essential that you complete some exercises which will help build strength in order to prevent future injuries. Here are some exercises you can try yourself, but remember to still schedule a visit with a podiatrist so that you can be sure to have the proper form and technique.

Whether mild or severe, ankle sprains should be treated right away and by an experienced podiatrist. If you sustain a foot injury, get in touch with the team at Allcare Foot & Ankle Care in both Arlington and Dallas. Schedule an appointment with us today for professional and thorough foot care.

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